Wilhelm Frick, Reich Minister of Interior, issues new civil service regulations with the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums).
This law forces retirement on academics who refuse to swear allegiance to the new regime, dismisses civil servants who are opponents of the Nazi Party ("Officials who, on account of their past political activities cannot guarantee that they have always acted wholeheartedly for the national state"), and requires civil servants to pass Nazi racial standards.
The class of jobs covered by "civil service" includes teachers, university professors, judges, and any other government position. Paul von Hindenburg, still President of Germany, won't sign off on the new law unless there are three exceptions included: World War I veterans who served on the front lines, people who had been in the civil service continuously since the start of World War I, and anyone who lost a father or son in combat in World War I. All of these exceptions will be removed when Paul von Hindenburg dies in 1934.