Jews Granted Equal Civil Rights Throughout Germany, But Not in Bavaria

Throughout Germany, but not in Bavaria, Jews are granted equal civil rights. Equal civil rights for Jews has been vociferously opposed by the Catholic Church which dominates Bavaria, even during the reigns of popes who have otherwise eased restrictions on Jews.

The problem for Catholic traditionalists is that treating Jews as civil and political equals implies that Judaism is the equal of Catholic Christianity. That, in turn, contradicts the traditional belief that Christianity superseded Judaism and Judaism is no longer an entirely valid religion. They believe that Judaism was valid at one time, but today Jews are obliged to convert to Christianity. Sometimes, it's argued that the primary reason for protecting Jews at all is to help them "see the light" and convert.

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