Pope Pius VII is born. As the first new pope of the 19th century, Pius VII will be a compromise candidate — he's not the first choice for any of the cardinals at the conclave, but picking him breaks a stalemate among cardinals divided into nationalistic factions.
Most of his reign will involve conflicts with France. He tries to develop a working relationship with Napoleon, but like his predecessor he will be taken prisoner in 1809 and exiled to Savona.
After his release, he reinstates both the Inquisition and the Index of Prohibited Books, brings back the Jesuits, and condemns the Protestant Bible Societies. This actions will make Pope Pius VI the first modern pope to specifically condemn and fight against modern developments in politics, religion and philosophy.