The Maryland Assembly passes the Toleration Act, providing protection to Roman Catholics against Protestant harassment and discrimination, a problem which had been on the increase due to the growing power of Oliver Cromwell in England.
All "trinitarian" Christians, whatever their denomination, are given full religious freedom. Anyone who denies the divinity of Jesus, however, will be executed.
This is the second law protecting religious liberties to be passed in the British colonies of North America and the first law in the world placing legal limits on hate speech. It will have a great deal of influence on the further development of religious liberties in North America.