Henri IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, giving many religious and civil freedoms to Huguenots, the French Protestants. According to reports, Pope Clement VIII reacts to all this new-found equality and liberty for Protestants by saying: "This crucifies me."
What freedom the Huguenots do receive, however, is exceptional for the time. They are not treated as heretics, they enjoy all the same civil rights as Catholics, have the right to work in any field or occupation, and are given amnesty for past crimes relating to religion.
The Edict of Nantes even goes beyond the borders of France by promising to protect French Huguenots from the Inquisition when they travel abroad.