Pope Alexander IV Absolves Henry III of All Oaths Taken in Provisions of Oxford

Pope Alexander IV Absolves Henry III of All Oaths Taken in Provisions of Oxford

King Henry III
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Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull absolving King Henry III of England of all oaths taken in the Provisions of Oxford.

Technically England's first Constitution, the Provisions of Oxford were instituted in 1258 at the behest of a group of English barons who thought Henry III was becoming too powerful and who wanted to reassert the authority of the Magna Carta.

King Henry III was forced to swear an oath to uphold the terms of the document, giving up his absolute rule. The two sides became more polarized over time and eventually Henry III gets the pope to release him from his oath, leading to the Second Barons War which Henry will win.

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King Henry III

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