Pope Gregory's IX Permits Burning of Heretics at Stake Hot

Pope Gregory's IX Permits Burning of Heretics at Stake

Pope Gregory IX
Source: Wikipedia

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Pope Gregory IX issues the papal bull Excommunicamus et anathematisamus ("We Excommunicate and We Curse"). It excommunicates all heretics, authorizes turning heretics over to secular authorities for punishments, and incorporates into canon law the harsh 1224 constitution of Frederick II which explicitly permits the burning of heretics at the stake.

The bull Excommunicamus is generally regarded as the start of the medieval Inquisition because it creates inquisitorial courts that are answerable to no one but the pope and staffed by members of the Dominican and Franciscan orders.

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The Inquisition

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