Emperors Valentinian I, Gratian, and Valens issue a new law ending the religious exemptions from compulsory public service for Jewish clergy.
According to the new law:
"The order which Jewish men flatter themselves with and and which gives them immunity from the compulsory public services of decurions shall be rescinded.
Not even the clergy are free to deal with divine service until they have dealt with municipal service.
If anyone is truly dedicated to God, he shall provide another person with his own funds to complete his compulsory public services for him." [CTh 12.1.99]
Although Jews are singled out for having their religious exemptions from public service rescinded, this law appears to require that everyone either serve personally or find a replacement, even if they are Christian.